Biochemistry and Histology

July 22, 2019

General Information
Duration 1 semester (14 teaching weeks)
Level Year 1, Semester 1
Unit Weighting Unit Credit Points: 10 credit points
Total Course Credit Points: 320 credit points
Student Workload Number of timetabled hours per week: 4
Number of personal study hours per week: 6
Total workload hours per week: 10
Prerequisites/ Corequisites None
Academic Details
Description This unit introduces the student to biochemistry and histology. Biochemistry provides students with an understanding of biochemical reactions in the human body. This includes the structures and functions of proteins and enzymes, the bioenergetics and metabolism of carbohydrates and lipids, and the metabolism of proteins, amino acids and nucleic acids. The role of minerals and vitamins is examined, and the function of hormones in extracellular and intracellular communication. The structure of the genetic code, the mechanisms of gene expression and regulation, gene replication and repair are also examined.

Students will also study basic microscopic anatomy and are introduced to histology and the structure and function of tissues, glands and membranes. The cell and tissue characteristics of cartilage and bone, the blood, the respiratory system, circulation system, digestive system, nervous system, reproductive system, and urinary system are studied and examined.

Learning outcomes Upon completion of this unit students should be able to:

Biochemistry

  1. Explain the synthesis and functions of proteins and enzymes
  2. Describe how various cellular reactions utilise or produce energy and the pathways by which carbohydrates are synthesised and degraded, the metabolism of amino acids and how this yields energy
  3. Describe the synthesis and functions of nucleic acids and their role, mechanisms of DNA organisation and replication, RNA synthesis, processing and metabolism, the structure of hormones and explain their key role

Histology

  1. Explain structure and function of tissues, glands and membranes
  2. Identify and describe the conceptual framework and terms of reference used to describe the tissue of epithelial, connective tissues and muscular tissues
  3. Identify and describe the conceptual framework and terms of reference used to describe the cell and tissue characteristics of cartilage and bone, blood respiratory system, circulation system, digestive system, nervous system, reproductive system and urinary system.
Unit requirement To successfully complete the unit, students must: attend 80% of all the lectures and tutorial classes; attempt all assessment tasks including summative and formative assessments and achieve at least 50% of the total marks; and achieve a mark of at least 40% in the final examination.
Assessment Assessment 1: Biochemistry Quiz (15%)

Assessment 2: Histology Quiz (20%)

Assessment 3A: Biochemistry Final examination (25%)

Assessment 3B: Histology Final Examination (40%)

Prescribed text * The prescribed and recommended readings are subject to annual review.

Nelson, D.L., & Cox, M.M. (2017). Lehninger principles of biochemistry (7th ed.). New York: W.H. Freeman and Company.

Ovalle, William K (2013). Netter’s essential histology (2nd). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Saunders.

Recommended readings Burns, E. R. (2007). In Burns E. R., Cave M. D. (Eds.), Histology and cell biology (2nd ed.). Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby.

Tortora, G. J. & Nielsen, M. T. (2012). Principles of human anatomy (12th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons Ltd.