|Level||Year 4, Semester 1|
|Unit Weighting||Unit Credit Points: 10 credit points
Total Course Credit Points: 320 credit points
|Student Workload||Number of timetabled hours per week: 4
Number of personal study hours per week: 6
Total workload hours per week: 10
|Prerequisites||ACU302 Acupuncture Microsystems.|
|Description||This unit explores contemporary evidence-based research findings on the effectiveness and limitations of acupuncture in the treatment and management of chronic pain and chronic disorders. This unit aims to enhance, deepen, and extend knowledge and understanding about the clinical application of acupuncture and its effectiveness in the management of pain and chronic diseases and complements other acupuncture studies from previous units (ACU107, ACU202, ACU207 and ACU302).
Throughout this unit, students study the neurophysiology of acupuncture; learn to critically assess its application in a range of clinical settings and practices; and develop problem-solving and decision-making skills in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of patients with acupuncture. Acupuncture treatment issues are also covered including its contributions and limitations, infection control and prevention, appropriate referral and transfer to other medical services, and the reporting of adverse events.
|Learning outcomes||Upon completion of this unit students should be able to:
Literature Review (35%)
Practical Test (25%)
Case Study Analysis (30%)
|Prescribed Textbooks/Readings||* The prescribed and recommended readings are subject to annual review.
Cherkin D. C., Sherman, K. J., Avins, A. L., Erro, J. H., Ichikawa, L., Barlow, W. E., Delaney, K., Hawkes, R., Hamilton, L., Pressman, A., Khalsa, P. S., & Deyo, R. A. (2009). A Randomized Trial Comparing Acupuncture, Simulated Acupuncture, and Usual Care for Chronic Low Back Pain. Archives of Internal Medicine (1960), 169(9), 858–866. https://doi.org/10.1001/archinternmed.2009.65
Chinese Medicine Board of Australia. (2022, November 7). Infection prevention and control guidelines for acupuncture practice. https://www.chinesemedicineboard.gov.au/Codes-Guidelines/Infection-prevention.aspx
Ernst, E., & Lee, M. S. (2010). Acupuncture for rheumatic conditions: an overview of systematic reviews. Rheumatology (Oxford, England), 49(10), 1957–1961. https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/keq180
Fen, Z. (2003). Two-hundred and ten cases of shoulder pedarthritis treated by needling Lingxia and Sanjian. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 23(3), 201–202.
Han, J-S. (2004). Acupuncture and endorphins. Neuroscience Letters 361(1-3), 258-261. https://doi:10.1016/j.neulet.2003.12.019
Hu, H., Shen, Y., Li, X., Tian, H., Li, X., Li, Y., Cheng, Y., Wu, L., & Han, D. (2021). Efficacy of Electroacupuncture Therapy iwithtients With Postherpetic Neuralgia: Study Protocol for a Multicentre, Randomized, Controlled, Assessor-Blinded Trial. Frontiers in Medicine, 8, 624797–624797. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2021.624797
Kong, J. C., Lee, M. S., Shin, B.-C., Song, Y.-S., & Ernst, E. (2010). Acupuncture for functional recovery after stroke: a systematic review of sham-controlled randomized clinical trials. Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ), 182(16), 1723–1729. https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.091113
Lu, W., Dean-Clower, E., Doherty-Gilman, A., & Rosenthal, D. S. (2008). The Value of Acupuncture in Cancer Care. Hematology/oncology Clinics of North America, 22(4), 631–648. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hoc.2008.04.005
Manheimer, E., Linde, K., Lao, L., Bouter, L. M., & Berman, B. M. (2007). Meta-analysis: Acupuncture for osteoarthritis of the knee. Annals of Internal Medicine, 146(12), 868–877. https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-146-12-200706190-00008
National Health and Medical Research Council. (2019, May). Australian guidelines for the prevention and control of infection in healthcare. https://www.nhmrc.gov.au/about-us/publications/australian-guidelines-prevention-and-control-infection-healthcare-2019
Reynolds, J. A., Bland, J. M., & MacPherson, H. (2008). Acupuncture for irritable bowel syndrome – an exploratory randomised controlled trial. Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society, 26(1), 8–16. https://doi.org/10.1136/aim.26.1.8
Wang, Z-J., & Zou, Y. (2012). Observation on therapeutic effects of electroacupuncture at Jiaji (Ex-B 2) points plus herbal medicine for herpes zoster. Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science, 10(5), 313–317. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11726-012-0627-4
Wu, P., Mills, E., Moher, D., & Seely, D. (2010). Acupuncture in poststroke rehabilitation: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials. Stroke (1970), 41(4), e171–e179. https://doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.109.573576
Xu, J., Zhang, F., Pei, J., & Ji, J. (2018). Acupuncture for migraine without aura: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 16(5), 312–321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joim.2018.06.002
Zheng, Q, (1998). Experience in the point selection for electro-acupuncture, Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine 18(4), 277-281.