Human Anatomy 2 and Physiology

General Information
Duration 1 semester (14 teaching weeks)
Level Year 1, Semester 2
Unit Weighting Unit Credit Points: 10 credit points
Total Course Credit Points: 320 credit points
Student Workload Number of timetabled hours per week: 5
Number of personal study hours per week: 5
Total workload hours per week:10
Prerequisites HMS101 Human Anatomy 1
Academic Details
Description This unit broadens students’ knowledge and understanding of anatomy developed in HMS101 Human Anatomy 1. In this unit, students will study the surface anatomy of upper limbs, lower limbs and trunk. This unit emphasises knowledge of surface anatomy required in the clinical application of Chinese medicine, particularly the underlying structures of acupuncture points. In this unit, students also study the human physiology by the systematic approach in 11 systems, including skeletal, muscular, integumentary (surface anatomy), digestive, cardiovascular, endocrine, respiratory, urinary, reproductive, lymphatic and nervous systems. This unit lays the foundation for the knowledge of human anatomy and physiology required in the clinical diagnosis and application of acupuncture.
Learning outcomes Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to:

  1. Identify and describe the conceptual framework and terms of reference used to describe local anatomy of upper limbs, lower limbs and trunk.
  2. Describe the surface anatomy of the body with specific reference to the location of acupuncture points and their underlying structures.
  3. Interpret the physiological processes of cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, urinary, endocrine, lymphatic, and reproductive and nervous systems using physical, chemical and electrical properties.
  4. Correlate the anatomical features of organs to system functions.
Unit requirement To successfully complete the unit, students must: attend 80% of all the lectures and tutorial classes; attempt all assessment tasks and achieve at least 50% of the total marks, and achieve a mark of at least 40% in the final examination.
Assessment Assessment 1: Practical Test (25%)

Assessment 2: Slide Exam (25%)

Assessment 3: Final Examination (50%)

Prescribed text * The prescribed and recommended readings are subject to annual review.

Tortora G.D., & Derrickson, B. (2013). Principles of anatomy and physiology (14th ed.). New York: Wiley & Sons.

Drake, R., Vogl, A. W., & Mitchell, A. W. M. (2010). Gray’s anatomy for students (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier.

Recommended readings Quirico, PE., Pedrali, T. (2007). The teaching atlas of acupuncture volume I: channels and points, Thieme Publishing Group.

Guidelines for safe acupuncture and dry needling practice. (2013). Australian Society of Acupuncture Physiotherapist.

Martini, F.H., Ober, W.C., Welch, K., Garrison, C.W., Hutchings, R.T. (2006). Martini’s atlas of the human body (9th ed.). Pearson/Benjamin Cummings.

Zhang, J.H., Shang, H.C., Gao, X.M., Ernst, E. (2010). Acupuncture-related adverse events: a systematic review of the Chinese literature. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 88(12):10076737.