Human Anatomy 2 and Physiology

General Information
Duration 1 semester
Level Year 1, Semester 2
Unit Weighting Unit Credit Points: 10 credit points
Total Course Credit Points: 320 credit points
Student Workload Number of timetabled hours per week: 4
Number of personal study hours per week: 6
Total workload hours per week:10
Prerequisites HMS101 Human Anatomy 1
Academic Details
Description This unit builds on HMS101 Human Anatomy 1 to broaden and deepen students’ knowledge and understanding of the regional and surface anatomy of human physiology. This unit also lays a foundation for the clinical diagnosis and application of acupuncture. Regional and surface anatomy introduces students to upper limbs, lower limbs, neck, back, thoracic and abdomen.
In human physiology, students advance their study of the structure and physiological functions of the 11 core systems initially introduced in HMS101. These include the skeletal, muscular, integumentary (surface anatomy), digestive, cardiovascular, endocrine, respiratory, urinary, reproductive, lymphatic and nervous systems. Emphasis in this unit is placed on homoeostatic control mechanisms in each system and the integration of the systems in the body.
Learning outcomes On successful completion of this unit students will be able to:

  1. Describe the conceptual framework and terms of reference in the identification of regional anatomy of upper limbs, lower limbs, neck, back, thoracic and abdomen.
  2. Identify the location of acupuncture points and their underlying structures with specific reference to the surface and regional anatomy of the body.
  3. Demonstrate palpatory skills for surface anatomy, including bony landmarks, joints, muscles and major blood vessels.
  4. Explain the physiological processes involved in homeostasis, heart contraction, capillary exchange, pulmonary ventilation, gases exchange, digestion, absorption, action potential, nerve conduction and transmission, hormone secretion and regulation, lymphatic circulation, specific and non-specific immunity, glomerular filtration and regulation.
  5. Correlate the anatomical features of organs to system functions.
Assessment Formative Practical Test (15%)
Physiology Quiz (15%)
Practical Test (30%)
Final Examination (40%)
Prescribed Textbooks/Readings * The prescribed and recommended readings are subject to annual review.

Drake, R., Vogl, A. W., & Mitchell, A. W. M. (2014). Gray’s anatomy for students (3rd ed.). Elsevier.

Tortora G. J., & Derrickson, B. (2019). Principles of anatomy and physiology (Second Asia-Pacific edition.). John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.